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11th Dental Facial Cosmetic International Conference

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Prevalence of Impacted Maxillary Canines and its Associated Anomalies Among a Dental College Patients

Background

Upper canines are the second most teeth to be impacted and not erupt into the oral cavity. Therefore, by calculating the prevalence of their impaction and their association with other dental abnormalities, steps could be done in educating the population about preventive procedures and treatment options. Aim: The aim of this study was to quantify the prevalence of impacted maxillary canines and identify any associations with other dental anomalies. 

Materials and Methods

Panoramic radiographs of patients aged above 15 years who attended RAKCODS clinic in the period of 5 years were examined and then classified according to gender, site of impaction, and the presence of any associated dental anomalies then descriptive statistics was done and the prevalence of maxillary canine impaction was calculated. 

Results

According to this study, the prevalence of Maxillary Impacted Canines among RAKCODS patients was found out to be 1.7%. The number of patients who had bilateral impactions was 28, representing 19%, while 118 were unilateral impactions which was further divided into 62 cases to be on the left side and 56 on the right side. As for the impaction cases that had associated dental anomalies, those were found to be 36 cases, representing 25% of the Impaction cases. 

Conclusion

The prevalence of Maxillary canine impaction in this population is 1.7%. Moreover, patients with IMC have also shown to have a high occurrence of other associated dental anomalies, these included Impacted lower right canines, Multiple impacted upper and lower teeth, peg shaped laterals, Supernumerary teeth, Impacted Premolars Odontomas and retained primary teeth.

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